Llamas are fairly easy to own. During the summer, most llamas are sufficiently kept with grass in the fields but can be supplemented with llama grain or hay if needed. In winter, llamas should be fed hay and grain daily. Clean water should be constantly available but can be provided by a stream, lake, or pond, if you don’t have a faucet at your barn.
Typically, llamas need a three-sided shelter to get away from rain, snow, or the hot sun. Llamas rarely challenge fences but need some sort of enclosed area, as well as some sort of catch pen for when you need to catch one of your llamas.
Llamas, originating from the colder climate in the mountains of South America, are very susceptible to heat stress. If you live in a warmer location, llamas need a good source of shade (trees, barns, etc.) and fans during the day time. Most owners choose to shear off their animals’ fiber in order to keep them cool. Some owners also provide kiddy-pools or some type of water source for the llamas to cool off in.
It is good to brush your llamas and keep them clean or shear off their fiber for less maintenance. Additionally, llamas need their toenails clipped regularly. Medically, llamas have few problems. Regular wormer (based on fecal samples) and an annual CD&T vaccination needs to be given. You should have a vet on call for any emergencies.